AeroCare is a durable medical equipment (DME) that provides respiratory therapy services and medical equipment to primarily older adults.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary DiseaseChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is lung disease associated with airflow obstructions that interfere with breathing. Emphysema, chronic bronchitis and chronic asthma fall into this category.
Shortness of breath | Difficulty breathing | Coughing | Daytime tiredness | Wheezing
According to COPD International:
- COPD is the 4th leading cause of death in the United States (after heart disease, cancer and strokes/ cerebrovascular disease).
- It is estimated that there are currently 16 million people in the United States diagnosed with COPD.
- It is estimated that an additional 14 million or more are still undiagnosed.
- Since 2000, women have exceeded men in the number of deaths attributable to COPD.
- Smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD. Approximately 80 to 90 percent of COPD deaths are caused by smoking. Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely to die from COPD as those who have never smoked.
The good news is that COPD, though considered a chronic and debilitating, can be managed, controlled and slowed down. The most important factors contributing to a longer and healthier lifestyle include, but are not limited to:
- Stopping smoking
- Early detection
- Healthy eating habits
- Medication regimen compliance: Bronchodilator medications (prescription drugs that relax and open air passages in the lungs) and oxygen therapy are central to the symptomatic management of COPD.
Congestive Heart FailureChronic Heart Failure or Congestive Heart Failure (CHF or "heart failure") is a disorder in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently. The term "heart failure" should not be confused with cardiac arrest, when the heart actually stops beating. The most common causes of CHF are chronic cardiovascular diseases hypertension (high blood pressure) and coronary artery disease.
With heart failure, many organs don't receive enough oxygen and nutrients, which damages them and reduces their ability to function properly causing:
Weakness | Edema – swollen legs, ankles, feet | Weight gain from swelling | Shortness of breath
- CHF is a common condition that affects more than 5 million people in the USA, with nearly a half a million new cases being diagnosed each year.
- 75-80% of these patients are more than 65 years old (in whom the likelihood of heart failure increases to 6-10%)
- It is also estimated that nearly 20 million people have unsuspected heart failure, and are likely to develop symptoms in the next 1 -5 years.
- Heart failure is responsible for more than 11 million visits to a physician's office and results in 3.5 million hospitalizations per year.
- Each year, approximately a quarter of a million people die from heart failure.
- The number of deaths from heart failure, either as a primary or secondary cause has increased 6-fold over the last 40 years.
CHF usually requires a treatment program of:
- Proper diet
- Modified daily activities
- Medications such as: ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors ,beta blockers, digitalis, diuretics, vasodilators
- Oxygen Therapy
Obstructive Sleep ApneaObstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) involves repeated arousals from sleep because breathing ceases when the upper airway for breathing is momentarily obstructed. OSA patients may be so sleep-deprived that they their mental functions are significantly impaired and they may become a hazard to themselves or others. OSA is also associated with hypertension and heart disease.
Significant daytime drowsiness | Excessive snoring | Impaired mental functioning, delayed reaction times, and difficulty maintaining vigilance and concentration. (This has been shown to cause many accidents in the work place and while driving. People with OSA have a three-fold greater risk of a car accident than the general population.)
- The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute estimates that 18 million people suffer from OSA in the United States.
- Only 10% of people with OSA are currently receiving treatment.
- It is estimated to affect about 4% of men and 2% of women.
- Men are more likely to have OSA than women before age 50. After age 50, the risk is the same in men and women.
- Among obese patients, 70% have OSA. OSA worsens in severity and prevalence with increasing obesity.
- Among cardiac patients, 30–50% have OSA, and among patients with strokes, 60% have OSA.
- A recent study estimated that 14% of NFL football players and 34% of NFL linemen have OSA.
- Diet and exercise program.
- Often, a CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) may alleviate the problem. CPAPs deliver air through a mask while a patient sleeps, which is effective in helping people get a good night's rest and avoid daytime accidents.
- In some cases, anatomical surgery may be recommended.